That smell is body odor you may have heard people call it B. The hormones become more active, affect the glands in your skin, and the glands make chemicals that smell bad. So what can you do to feel less stinky? Well, keeping clean can stop you from smelling. You might want to take a shower every day, either in the morning before school or at night before bed. Another way to cut down on body odor is to use deodorant. If you use a deodorant with antiperspirant, it will cut down on sweat as well. The hormonal changes that are happening inside your body cause the oil glands to become more active.
You may notice pimples on your face, your upper back, or your upper chest. Pimples usually start around the beginning of puberty and can hang around for a few years as your body changes. Just as suddenly as your body starts changing, your mind is also making changes. You may feel like your emotions are all over the place. Confusion and mixed-up feelings are normal. The different hormones in your body can send your emotions on a roller-coaster ride.
Puberty makes almost everyone feel that way. Make no mistake—your body has taken control and you are along for the ride. Just keep your cool. In the meantime, you can control other things that affect how you look, how you feel, and how healthy you are.
Taking charge of your health can help you to feel good, and in control during the changes of puberty. Try these links to let BAM help you eat right , get more active , and handling stress to help you keep your cool during this strange and exciting time. Cluster headaches usually start in children older than 10 years of age, and are more common in adolescent males.
Cluster headaches usually occur in a series that may last weeks or months, and this series of headaches may return every year or two. While every child may experience symptoms differently, the following are the most common symptoms of a cluster headache:.
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The eye that is affected may have a droopy lid, small pupil, or redness and swelling of the eyelid. Secondary headaches. These are from an organic cause in the brain problems in the structure of the brain due to another health condition or disease, and are the least common type of headaches. The child may have varying degrees of symptoms associated with the severity of the headache depending on the type of headache.
Some headaches may be more serious. Symptoms that may suggest a more serious underlying cause of the headache may include the following:. The symptoms of a headache may resemble other conditions or medical problems. Always consult your child's doctor for a diagnosis. The full extent of the problem may not be completely understood immediately, but may be revealed with a comprehensive medical evaluation and diagnostic testing.
The diagnosis of a headache is made with a careful history and physical examination and diagnostic tests. During the examination, the doctor obtains a complete medical history of the child and family. If the history is consistent with migraine or tension type headaches and the neurological exam is normal, no further diagnostic testing may be necessary. A diagnostic test which uses invisible electromagnetic energy beams to produce images of internal tissues, bones, and organs onto film.
Magnetic resonance imaging MRI. A diagnostic procedure that uses a combination of large magnets, radiofrequencies, and a computer to produce detailed images of organs and structures within the body. Comparisons may be useful for a differential diagnosis. Hailey-Hailey disease, also known as benign familial chronic pemphigus, is another rare genetic skin disorder. Hailey-Hailey disease is characterized by blistering, erosive skin lesions that most often form on the neck, chest, armpits and groin.
The skin may itch or burn. Secondary infection is common. Most individuals develop symptoms in the third or fourth decade of life. The lesions may disappear on their own, but can recur. Heat, friction, sunlight and trauma may cause an outbreak or worsen existing symptoms. Hailey-Hailey disease is caused by mutations of the ATP2C1 gene, a gene that encodes another calcium pump, and Hailey-Hailey disease is also inherited as an autosomal dominant trait. The desmosomes do not function correctly in Hailey- Hailey disease.
Acrokeratosis verruciformis of Hopf is a rare genetic skin disorder. Spots are mostly flesh-colored, some are light brown. The palms of the hands and the soles of the feet may be hardened hyperkeratotic. The nails may be opaque and brittle.
Acrokeratosis verruciformis of Hopf may be allelic to keratosis follicularis, which means that the two disorders are caused by different mutations of the same gene ATP2A2. Grover disease, also known as transient acantholytic dermatosis, is an acquired skin disorder characterized by the sudden appearance of small, firm, raised itchy red bumps, most often on sun-damaged skin of the chest and back. The desmosomes fail to hold the keratinocytes together in Grover disease as they do in Darier disease. The bumps may disappear after six to 12 months or persist for years.
Grover disease is mainly seen in men older than forty or fifty. The cause is uncertain but heat, sweating and sun damage seem to play a part.
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A diagnosis of keratosis follicularis is made based upon a thorough clinical evaluation, a detailed patient history, identification of characteristic findings and microscopic examination biopsy of affected skin tissue. A biopsy may reveal abnormal formation of keratin tissue keratinization and failure of cell-to-cell adhesion acantholysis. Treatment The treatment of keratosis follicularis is directed toward the specific symptoms that are apparent in each individual.
For some individuals, sunscreen, loose clothing, moisturizing creams and avoiding excessive heat may reduce the severity of the disease. Synthetic derivatives of vitamin A retinoids applied directly to the affected areas topically may help reduce scaly thickening of the skin hyperkeratosis.
Therapy that helps soften and shed hardened, abnormal skin keratolytics such as treatment with salicylic acid in propylene glycol gel may also help treat hyperkeratosis. Topical corticosteroids and substances that soothe and soften the skin emollients have also been used to alleviate inflammation in localized keratosis follicularis. Retinoids taken by mouth orally have been effective in treating individuals with keratosis follicularis and are the drugs most often used to treat severe cases.
Oral retinoids such as tretinoin and acitretin affect the entire body systemic therapy. Oral retinoids can be associated with side effects.
Women must not become pregnant when taking a retinoid because these drugs could damage the baby and pregnancy should be avoided for some time after stopping the drug the exact time depends on which retinoid was prescribed. Retinoids should only be used under the supervision of a physician. Antibiotics may be necessary to treat individuals with secondary bacterial infection. Antiviral agents such as acyclovir have been used to treat associated infection with the herpes simplex virus. Additional therapies have been used to treat affected individuals including erbium: YAG laser resurfacing, in which physicians use a laser to destroy the damage cells that make up the characteristic skin lesion of keratosis follicularis.
This form of laser therapy has led to a remission in two affected individuals.
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More research is necessary to determine the long-term safety and effectiveness of the erbium: YAG laser for individuals with keratosis follicularis. Photodynamic therapy, a procedure in which a drug known as a photosensitizer is used along with a special type light, has been used to treat some individuals with keratosis follicularis. During photodynamic therapy, the drug is administered to an affected individual and absorbed by the affected cells. A specific wavelength of light is used to active the drug which binds with oxygen creating a chemical that destroys the affected cell.
More research is necessary to determine the long-term safety and effectiveness of photodynamic therapy for individuals with keratosis follicularis. Controlled surgical scraping dermabrasion has also been used to treat some affected individuals. Information on current clinical trials is posted on the Internet at www. All studies receiving U.
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For information about clinical trials sponsored by private sources, contact: www. Philadelphia, PA; Ringfeil F. Darier Disease.